Friday, January 25, 2008

Is the danger of being scooped field-dependent?

The students in my program get together once in a while for what we call "Researchome", also known fondly as "dinner-ome", originally conceived as a casual forum in which students could present their research or other topics of interest to other students, while getting dinner for free. But without someone to present, there is no justification to have Researchome, so rather than deprive a dozen grad students of free food, I threw together a quick presentation of Open Science and my proposal for PSB for our Researchome last night.

Biomedical informatics students are a smart bunch, so there was some great discussion. Naturally, the concern over getting scooped came up, and while I was quick to pooh-pooh it as a naive/narcissistic fear, the others were fairly adamant that it was a valid concern. Several gave personal anecdotes. And the picture that started to emerge was one where the danger of being scooped was highly dependent on the field you were in - theoretical vs. applied, basic vs. translational, science vs. medicine, all of which may put different emphasis on the idea vs. the implementation.

According to one of the students at the Researchome, in theoretical disciplines such as math or physics, credit is given as soon as an idea is recorded. But in fields like cell biology, just having the idea for an experiment or a hypothesis is not enough; instead, you must conduct the experiment and demonstrate successful results through a peer-reviewed publication before credit is given. Because of this, people in these fields are more reluctant to be open about their research before it has been published, and getting scooped can have real consequences for someone's career and funding. In my limited explorations of the world wide open science web, it seems as if a significant portion of those participating are chemists. Is getting scooped less of a concern in chemistry than it is in, say, molecular biology, and, if so, why? If there is a discrepancy between fields in the danger of being scooped, how should this be addressed as the open science community moves forward? Is it possible to change the standards by which success and intellectual credit are determined?

Aside from this interesting issue, some valid points were brought up concerning the proposal for an open science session at PSB. One is that the audience at PSB is by and large composed of scientists who don't generate their own data, but use the data generated by others. A lot of high-throughput, -omics, and bioinformatics-minded people. Therefore, open data and open source will probably be of greater interest to them than the more overarching idea of open notebook science. Focusing on standards, exchange formats, and tools and methodologies for conducting open science may be a good approach.

The other consensus that the students came to was that open science is so broad and important a topic that it should be featured as a session at a much larger conference, such as ISMB or AMIA. Many were bemused as to why I chose what is arguably a niche conference as a venue for open science. My rationale at this point is that it is the soonest we could possibly organize a meeting on open science jointly with an established conference, and I think the audience is relevant enough for it to be productive. Being smaller, it may also be a good stepping stone towards a bigger meeting, and I wouldn't be surprised if some efforts began for that before PSB 2009 comes around.

Many thanks to the students who attended the Researchome for their feedback. I'll be working on a draft of the proposal over the next couple days.

1 comment:

Jean-Claude Bradley said...

Yes there certainly is a field dependence here.
As far as chemistry is concerned, I think it is mostly on the conservative side. Although there is much discussion about interesting published articles, most chemistry bloggers are reluctant to reveal full details of their own research until published in a journal.
If it ever happens that someone plagiarizes work that first appeared in the blogosphere that will be very easy to prove.
As far as scooping, usually that is pretty innocent - multiple groups work on the same hot topics and they may publish at similar times. The reality is that your closest competitors are probably already reading your proposals and submitted manuscripts because they are the most logical reviewers.